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CZECH REPUBLIC
18th– 25th APRIL 2009

Leaders Dave Read & Andy Shooter
Local guides Jiri Mikulec, Slávek Kloubec and Josef Chytil
Participants
Jane Spick, Brenda Morrison, Doreen Marsh, Gordon & Alison Caw, John & Sheila Richardson

Day 1
The group met at Birmingham airport, for our flight to Prague. Once there we were met by Jiri Mikulec, our first guide and then Mirek our driver for the week. Before long we were soon travelling south to the Šumava national park and the Hotel Arnika, our base for the next two nights.
After checking in, we walked into the pinewoods behind the hotel in search of owls, though unfortunately none showed.

Day 2
We akowe early for a prebreakfast walk in search of Black Grouse at a traditional Lek, however it was very cold and thick fog had formed along Vltava River valley making viewing difficult, although up to five birds were seen in flight.
After breakfast we walked through the the Boubín Primeval Forest, situated on the southeast foothill of Mt. Boubín, at an altitude of 920 - 1110 m. This was a long and in places hard walk through this unspoilt forrest with the undesputeable highlight being a male Three-toed Woodpecker.
After lunch we went for a short walk along the Vltava River close to our hotel before returning for our evening meal, after which, some of the group went on a late evening walk in search of owls, but again none were seen, althogh Tengmalm's was heard.

Day 3.
After only limited success with lekking Black Grouse the previous day, we again met before breakfast this time visiting a second site closer to the hotel, where three males rewarded us. After breakfast we packed our cases into the bus and were soon on our way to the next destination of Trebon , although not before being treated to excellent views of Crested Tit out side the hotel doors. We stopped on route at Ceský Krumlov, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, dominated by the second largest castle complex in the Czech Republic stretching over the meandering Vltava River. Here we spent some time birding in the castle park before heading though the castle and along the narrow cobbled streets into the town centre for lunch.
After lunch we headed to Ceské Budejovice where we stopped at the New Vrbenky fishpond, which proved a very rewarding site. With Night & Purple Heron, Black-necked Grebe and Red-crested Pochard the highlights. We then moved a short distance to a recently drained fishpond, which created a perfect stop off for migrating waders, with six species represented. We then continued to Trebon and checked into our accommodation for the next three nights, The Penzion Siesta, a charming little B&B like establishment. Restored in 1993, this building was originally part of the city wall fortifications, and once served as the armoury.
The rest of the evening was free to explore Trebon at our own leisure.

Day 4
The day started with a pre-breakfast walk with a new guide Slávek Kloubec, who met us at our pension and walked with us along the river that runs in front of the pension and up to the Svet Pond and the park on its southeast shore. The walk along the river provided the group with its first Collared Flycatcher, a superb male that gave prolonged good views. Once at the park Andy and Dave showed the group the Black Woodpecker nest hole they had found the previous day, and after a little encouragement the a female came to the entrance where it peered down at us giving good views.
After breakfast we spent the remainder of the day visiting several fishponds in the Trebon area, starting with a very rewarding walk past several small ponds before coming out on the northern shore of Vilky Tisy Fish Pond. Highlights here included a singing male Bluethroat and the amazing sight of 9 immature White-tailed Eagles grappling on a small sand spit on the bank opposite.
After lunch we again went for a walk through a large pine forest close to Trebon in search of owls, but was unsuccessful, although a Tengmalm´s Owl was once again heard calling from deep in the forest.
Our guide explained that it is a particularly bad year for small owls in the region, with numbers throughout much of central Europe down on average.

Day 5
Today we headed back to the Ceské Budejovice area, and spent much of the day visiting various fish ponds. White-tailed Eagles were once again a feature of the day, with at least 10 birds seen. Spoonbill was also a highlight, with a single showing well as it fed amongst the many herons, and two birds at a breeding colony, though the latter were distant and well hidden. Avocet and Ruff were also added to the ever-increasing trip list.
We then returned to New Vrbenky fishpond where we parted with Slávek. This productive site held much the same as on day 3 with Night Heron and Black-necked Grebes again proving popular, a yet another Spoonbill.
We then opted to return to Trebon, where we could take a little break before revisiting the Svet Pond and the park in search of woodpeckers.

Day 6
The day started much as the previous day ended with a pre breakfast walk around the park and the Svet Pond before transferring to our final destination in South Moravia, stopping first in the beautiful town of Telc for lunch.  After which we continued to our next hotel, the Hranicní zámecek (Little Border Chateau) in the village of Hlohovec. We then met with our final guide Josef Chytil, and walked a short distance around the Hlohovec pond, this produced Wryneck (in the hotel grounds) a flock of Waxwings and two Little Gulls.
Back at the Hotel we enjoyed an excellent meal, while overlooking the lake, both Brown Hare and Roe Deer crossed the lawned area in front of the restaurant where a male Cuckoo patrolled its territory.

Day 7
Our last full day was again spent with Josef, who first took us to Lednice Park, which has both Baroque style gardens and the largest English style park in the Czech Republic (270 ha). A very pleasant walk through the park provided us with many good sightings including Wryneck, Night Heron, White Stork, Collared Flycatcher and Sparrowhawk, although the highlight for many was a male Grey-headed Woodpecker. Josef then took us to a site where both Common Buzzard and Red Kite were seen, though the highlight was without doubt a pair of Eastern Imperial Eagle.
We then walked through a large hunting preserve, before having lunch at a small bar with a much-appreciated cold Czech Beer. After lunch we visited an area of flood plain, where Beaver activity was noted, though sadly no Beaver, before making a stop near Mikulov where we were treated to good views of Penduline Tit. Turold Quarry was or next destination, where a female European Eagle Owl was sat tight on the nest.
Returning back to the hotel we opted to spend the remainder of the day at our own leisure at this beautifully situated hotel, enjoying the abundant birdlife while sat out in front of the restaurant enjoying another good Czech Beer.

Day 8
Although much of our final day would be spent travelling back to Prague, we did have a very rewarding pre breakfast walk from the hotel around part of the Hlohovec Pond. The highlight of which was a male Syrian Woodpecker busy excavating a nest hole in a small willow.

This brought the trip total to a respectable 138 species recorded.

SPECIES LIST

1 Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Seen on two dates, both while in the Trebon region.

2 Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus
A common bird, frequently encountered on the numerous fishponds in Southern Bohemia and Moravia .

3 Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis
Up to 8 were present on the New Vrbenky fishpond near Ceské Budejovice on both visits. The birds here showed very well, with one pair displaying on the 20th , with another bird noted on a nest. Away from this site it was only seen once, at a large fishpond also near Ceské Budejovice .

4 Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Small numbers were seen daily between the 21st and 24th .

5 Little Egret Egretta garzetta
A single, which flew from the island on the New Vrbenky fishpond on the 20th was the only record.

6 Great White Egret Ardea alba
Up to 20 were noted on the 20th while transferring to Trebon, next day c12 were on the far bank of Vilky Tisy Fish Pond. Despite being found in increasing numbers in the Czech Republic, there is only one confirmed successful breeding record in 1949, with the only other attempt in 2001 being unsuccessful.

7 Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Very common in the Southern Bohemia and Moravia , with large heronries a common sight.

8 Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
One flew over the New Vrbenky fishpond on the 20th , with another again in flight over the Hlohovec Pond close to our hotel on the 25th .

9 Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
A common breeding bird in Southern Bohemia and Moravia , with birds noted at several of the fishponds in these regions. The highest concentrations were noted from the Lednice Park on the 24th , were up to 250 pairs nest on the wooded islands, this being the largest colony in the Republic.

10 Black Stork Ciconia nigra
Singles were seen on four dates, the first few distantly over the Vltava River on the 19th , while on the 21st one was seen in a field close to the Vilky Tisy Fish Pond. In South Moravia one flew over the Hlohovec Pond on the 23rd, with another over the Lednice Park next day.

11 White Stork Ciconia ciconia
Seen on 5 dates, with nesting birds noted on three occasions. A pair nesting on a chimney in Trebon and a pair nesting in a tree in the Lednice Park provided our best views, while the highest numbers were recorded on the journey back to Prague when we passed a field with c12 feeding birds.

12 Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia
Four birds were seen on the 22nd while in the Ceské Budejovice area, the first gave the best views as it fed amongst the many herons, two others were seen at a nesting colony, although these were much more distant and mostly obscured by vegetation. The fourth was seen in flight over the New Vrbenky fishpond.

13 Mute Swan Cygnus olor
Seen daily in Southern Bohemia and Moravia .

14 Bean Goose Anser fabalis
On the 21st twelve birds were present on an island on the Koclírov Fish Pond.

15 Greylag Goose Anser anser
Present in reasonable numbers in both South Bohemia and South Moravia.

16 Shelduck Tadorna tadorna
Although reasonable numbers were recorded from the 21st onwards, these probably relate to passage birds, with this species a very rare breeder in the Czech Republic with the first successful breeding confirmed as recently as 1996.

17 Gadwall Anas strepera
Fairly common on the numerous fishponds of Southern Bohemia and Moravia.

18 Teal Anas crecca
Two were recorded on the 21st ; at the Koclírov Fish Pond, both were drakes.

19 Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
A common sight on the numerous fishponds of Southern Bohemia and Moravia.

20 Shoveler Anas clypeata
Generally seen in small number, although c40 were present at the Koclírov Fish Pond on the 21st .

21 Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Seen daily while in Southern Bohemia and Moravia, with the New Vrbenky fishpond proving the best site, with up to 7 birds present on both visits.

22 Pochard Aythya ferina
Frequently encountered on many of the fishpond in Southern Bohemia and Moravia.

23 Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula
A common bird in South Bohemia and South Moravia

24 Goldeneye Bucephala clangula
Recorded at many of the larger ponds in the Trebon area, especially the Svet Pond where it breeds in good numbers.

25 Black Kite Milvus migrans
Seen on four dates, either signally or in pairs.

26 Red Kite Milvus milvus
Seen only in south Moravia, where small numbers were recorded.

27 White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla
This species was surprisingly common in South Bohemia, both in the Trebon and Ceské Budejovice areas. On the 21st we were lucky enough to witness 8 immatures together on a small sand spit on the bank of the Vilky Tisy Fish Pond, with a ninth bird circling low over the water before catching a fish and carrying it off into the nearby trees. Two adults were also seen nearby. On the 22nd at least 10 birds were noted, many of them adults, including 4 together at one site with two in a display flight high above the lake. In South Moravia just two adults were noted on the 24th .

28 Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus
Seen daily except on the 19th . This species is now common and widespread in the Czech Republic, although it did not breed here until 1940, since then its population has grown to an estimated 2000 pairs.

29 Goshawk Accipiter gentilis
Singles were seen on three dates, a female on the 18th while travelling to Šumava, a male next day was watched circling over the Boubín Primeval Forest and on the 24th a female was seen distantly over the game preserve near Lednice.

30 Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus
A single on the 24th in Lednice Park was the only record.

31 Common Buzzard Buteo buteo
A common raptor here with sightings daily.

32 Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca
A pair showed well on the 24th . Both birds took to the air shortly after we arrived and circled for some time, at one stage being mobbed by a buzzard, which they dwarfed. To avoid disturbance we did not stay in the area for long. This species is a fairly new addition as a breeder to the Czech Republic with the first confirmed breeding in 1998 (the nest was built in 1997) it then nested regularly thereafter. In 2001 a second pair joined them, with both pairs present until 2008 when they moved over the border into Austria. However also in 2008 a pair of immature birds (the pair we saw) built a nest and attempted to breed but the single egg was infertile. This pair now represents the only birds in the Czech Republic and is the most westerly breeders of their species. Lets hope they are more successful this year.

33 Kestrel Falco tinnunculus
Seen daily from the 20th onwards, often from the roadside.

34 Hobby Falco subbuteo
A single was seen over the Hlohovec Pond from the hotel grounds on the 24th .

35 Black Grouse Tetrao tetrix
On the morning of the 19th a pre breakfast walk amongst the large meadows in Vltava River valley to look for this species at a traditional lek was thwarted by a hard frost and thick fog in the valley bottom, however 3 females and 2 males were seen through the fog in flight only. Next day at a second site 3 males were seen, providing reasonable scope views.

36 Grey Partridge Perdix perdix
One was seen from the bus on the 22nd .

37 Pheasant Phasianus colchicus
Small number were seen in more agricultural areas

38 Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Singles were seen in the wetlands near the Vilky Tisy Fish Pond on the 21st and the Hlohovec Pond on the 23rd and 24th .

39 Coot Fulica atra
Fairly common on the fishponds of South Bohemia and South Moravia.

40 Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta
A pair was present on a small pond near Ceské Budejovice, and it is hoped that with protected water levels they will breed. Avocet is a very rare breeder in the Czech Republic, with only 1 – 4 pairs annually.

41 Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Fairly common in suitable habitat in South Bohemia and South Moravia.

42 Lapwing Vanellus vanellus
Small number were seen in South Bohemia.

43 Ruff Philomachus pugnax
Up to c50 birds, mostly females were present at the Avocet site on the 22nd .

44 Woodcock Scolopax rusticola
Birds were heard calling over the pine forests on the 20th and 21st .

45 Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Three were seen on the 20th at a drained pond near Ceské Budejovice, with 3 nearby on the 22nd .

46 Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
Five were seen on the 20th at a drained pond near Ceské Budejovice, next day another 5 were on the Koclírov Fish Pond near Trebon. On the 22nd three were again noted near Ceské Budejovice.

47 Redshank Tringa totanus
Several birds were at the drained pond near Ceské Budejovice on the 20th .

48 Greenshank Tringa nebularia
A single was recorded on the 20th , with 3 next day at the Koclírov Fish Pond, on the 22nd two were present near Ceské Budejovice .

49 Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
A single was heard and seen briefly in flight at one of the small ponds near Ceské Budejovice on the 22nd .

50 Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Only seen at the Koclírov Fish Pond, where c20 were present.

51 Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Small numbers were recorded on the 21st , 22nd and 23rd , with the Svet and Opatovicky ponds at Trebon the best sites.

52 Little Gull Larus minutus
Two adults were feeding over the Hlohovec Pond on the 24th .

53 Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
A common bird on many of the larger ponds in South Bohemia and South Moravia.

54 Common Tern Sterna hirundo
Recorded daily from the 21st – 24th on many of the larger ponds.

55 Stock Dove Columba oenas
A single on the 21st was the only bird seen, with another heard on the 24th .

56 Woodpigeon Columba palumbus
Seen daily, in all areas.

57 Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto
Recorded daily in any built up areas, except in Šumava .

58 Turtle Dove Streptopelia turtur
Three were recorded on the 24th in the grounds of the Lednice Chateau.

59 Cuckoo Cuculus canorus
While staying at the Hranicní zámecek this bird was seen daily, with a male patrolling its territory in front of the restaurant.

60 Eagle Owl Bubo bubo
A female was observed sitting tight on the nest at Turold quarry, although only the very top of her head could be seen.

61 Tengmalm's Owl Aegolius funereus
Despite all our best efforts we could not manage to see this species, although it was heard on the 19th and 21st from deep within the pine forests.

62 Swift Apus apus
A flock of c12 birds seen from the bus as we left Prague on the 18th was surprisingly the only record.

63 Hoopoe Upupa epops
Recorded just twice, with the first on the 21st when a single was seen from the bus near Trebon where it is described as a local rarity. The second, also a single was seen in flight in the game preserve in South Moravia on the 24th .

64 Wryneck Jynx torquilla
Only seen while in South Moravia, where it appears to be quite common, with two males singing from the hotel grounds, one of these providing our first sighting. By far our best views however were in the grounds of the Lednice Chateau where this very obliging bird gave prolonged good views.

65 Grey-headed Woodpecker Picus canus
After much searching for this species, we finally located a male in the grounds of the Lednice Chateau on the 24th , which showed reasonably well.

66 Green Woodpecker Picus viridis
Fairly common, seen on four dates.

67 Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius
On the 20th Andy and Dave located an active nest hole in the park by the Svet Pond in Trebon, where good views were obtained of the female (see opposite). This bird was consequently seen on the 21st and 22nd by the whole group. Also on the 21st a pair was seen close to the Austrian border while searching for Tengmalm's Owl.

68 Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major
Fairly common, recorded on five dates at various sites (Not recorded while in Šumava.)

69 Syrian Woodpecker Dendrocopos syriacus
Early morning on the 24th Dave and Andy went for a short walk around the Hlohovec Pond and located a male, busy excavating a nest hole in a willow. Next day on a pre breakfast walk the group was shown the bird, still busy excavating. The bird showed well enough for all the subtle differences between this species and Great Spotted to be noted.

70 Middle Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos medius
Recorded daily between the 20th and 23rd in the mature Oaks bordering the Svet Pond in Trebon.

71 Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos minor
A single in the Castle Park at Ceský Krumlov on the 20th was the only record.

72 Three-toed Woodpecker Picoides tridactylus
On the 19th a five hour trek through the Boubín Primeval Forest produced a single male which showed well just above the path, even drumming on at least one occasion.

73 Skylark Alauda arvensis
Seen on four dates, in all areas except South Moravia.

74 Sand Martin Riparia riparia
Only recorded on 24th while in South Moravia.

75 Swallow Hirundo rustica
A common bird with sightings daily.

76 House Martin Delichon urbica
Abundant in all areas.

77 Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis
One was heard singing on the 24th in the game preserve .

78 Meadow pipit anthus pratensis
Only recorded on the 19th in the meadows of the Vltava River Valley in Šumava .

79 Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea
A pair was seen along the small river running through Trebon on the 21st & 23rd .

80 Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava
Up to two of the Blue-headed form were present on the drained fishponds near Ceské Budejovice.

81 White Wagtail Motacilla alba
A common bird in all areas with daily sightings.

82 Wren Troglodytes troglodytes
Only recorded on the 19th , while in Sumava.

83 Waxwing bombycilla garrulous
On the 23rd a flock of c26 flew over the town of Telc , although only Andy and Dave saw them. Luckily for the group, a flock of c55 birds was found later the same day by the side of the Hlohovec Pond. Next day a total of up to 80 were observed in the game preserve.

84 Dunnock Prunella modularis
Recorded in small numbers while in Šumava.

85 Robin Erithacus rubecula
Reasonably common, with sightings on five dates.

86 Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos
Fairly common in South Bohemia and South Moravia, where typically for this species it was heard much more than seen, although at least two individuals were seen on an early morning walk around the Hlohovec Pond on the 25th .

87 Bluethroat Luscinia svecica cyanecula
An adult male of the White-spotted race was watched singing from the top of an isolated bush in the reedbeds near the Vilky Tisy Fish Ponds on the 21st . Although a little distant, it gave reasonable scope views, long enough for the whole group to enjoy, and proved to be one of the trips highlights for many. At least two others were heard singing but not seen. It is interesting to note that the first confirmed breeding of this bird in the Czech Republic was as recent as 1980.

88 Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros
Present in good numbers with daily sighting in any built up area.

89 Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus
Only recorded in South Bohemia, with the mature Oaks bordering the Svet Pond in Trebon, by far the most reliable site with birds present on every visit.

90 Whinchat Saxicola rubetra
Birds were seen on each of the early morning visits for Black Grouse in the large meadows in Vltava River valley.

91 Stonechat Saxicola torquata
Recorded once, from just outside the grounds of the Lednice Chateau on the 24th .

92 Blackbird Turdus merula
Seen daily, a common bird in all areas.

93 Fieldfare Turdus pilaris
This familiar winter bird hear in the UK breeds in reasonable numbers in the Czech Republic and was seen on three dates, the 21st , 22nd and 23rd , all in South Bohemia.

94 Song Thrush Turdus philomelos
Reasonably common, recorded daily in all regions .

95 Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus
Though not as common as Song Thrush, it was still recorded daily .

96 Savi's Warbler Locustella luscinioides
Recorded as heard on three dates, the 22nd , 23rd &24th but unfortunately not seen.

97 Sedge Warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus
Noted on just three dates, the 21st , 22nd & 24th .

98 Reed Warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus
Birds were singing from the reedbeds of the Hlohovec Pond on the 23rd & 24th .

99 Lesser Whitethroat Sylvia curruca
One was in full song from the small orchard in front of the Penzion Siesta in Trebon on the 22nd & 23rd .

100 Garden Warbler Sylvia borin
A probable migrant was noted on the 24th in the grounds of the Lednice Chateau.

101 Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla
Recorded daily.

102 Wood Warbler Phylloscopus sibilatrix
Birds were heard singing from the park by the Svet Pond in Trebon on the 23rd and from the game preserve in South Moravia on 24th .

103 Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita
Recorded daily.

104 Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus
Recorded daily, especially common in Šumava.

105 Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata
A single by the Hlohovec Pond on the 25th was the only record.

106 Collared Flycatcher Ficedula albicollis
This striking bird was reasonably common in South Bohemia and South Moravia, where it was seen daily. By far the best site was along the dam walls of the Svet pond and the Opatovicky pond in Trebon, where up to 50 pairs are reported to breed in the mature oaks.

107 Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus
Recorded on four dates, generally in small numbers.

108 Marsh Tit Parus palustris
Small numbers were recorded in South Moravia only.

109 Willow Tit Parus montanus
Recorded in small numbers in Sumava and South Bohemia, but absent from South Moravia.

110 Crested Tit Parus cristatus
A single bird showed exceptionally well on the 20th in a small pine just in front of our hotel main entrance.

111 Coal Tit Parus ater
Noted on three dates, with the bulk of sighting from the Šumava region.

112 Great Tit Parus major
Common, with birds seen daily at many locations.

113 Blue Tit Parus caeruleus
Recorded daily from many locations.

114 Nuthatch Sitta europaea
Present in any suitable habitat with sightings daily except the 18th .

115 Treecreeper Certhia familiaris
The only definite records of this species came from the Boubin Primeval Forrest on the 19th , although it is likely that some of the sightings elsewhere also relate to this species.

116 Short-toed Treecreeper Certhia brachydactyla
Recorded daily away from Šumava, where it does not occur, preferring mature deciduous woodlands at lower elevations. Its distinctive song was heard at several locations.

117 Penduline Tit Remiz pendulinus
A single showed remarkably well on the 24th by the bank of the Nové mlýny III Reservoir, near Mikulov. The hanging woven nest for which this species is famous was also noted here in a large Willow. The high-pitched call of this species was also heard at a number of other sites, but could not be located.

118 Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio
An adult male seen on roadside wires close to the game preserve in South Moravia, was not only our first and only of the trip; it was also the first record for the whole of the Czech Republic that spring.

119 Great Grey Shrike Lanius excubitor
Singles were seen from the bus on the 18th &19th , both in the Šumava area.

120 Jay Garrulus glandarius
Recorded daily, in all regions.

121 Magpie Pica pica
Present throughout with sightings daily, though never in high numbers.

122 Jackdaw Corvus monedula
Seen daily in South Bohemia and South Moravia, though never in large numbers. This species has declined markedly in recent years in the Republic by as much as 70% in some areas, the Grounds of the Lednice Chateau now holds the largest breeding population in the country.

123 Rook Corvus frugilegus
Recorded just twice, on the 20th & 22nd with both records coming from Ceské Budejovice.

124 Carrion Crow Corvus corone
The distribution of this species, along with the Hooded Crow meet in the Czech Republic, with Carrion Crow in the West and Hooded on the East, where the two meet a zone of hybridisation occurs. This species was seen daily except the 24th when the whole day was spent in South Moravia, where it is scarce. Even in Šumava in the west it was never recorded in large numbers.

125 Hooded Crow Corvus cornix
While in South Bohemia a few birds resembling this species were noted, but were probably hybrids. Cleaner greyer looking birds (probably pure) were noted in South Moravia on the 24th .

126 Starling Sturnus vulgaris
Common, with records daily.

127 House Sparrow Passer domesticus
Recorded daily from any built up area.

128 Tree Sparrow
Small numbers were recorded on four dates, not recorded while in Šumava.

129 Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs
Recorded daily in all areas.

130 Serin Serinus serinus
On the 21st three were noted along the small river in Trebon, while in South Moravia it appears to be common with several birds recorded.

131 Greenfinch Carduelis chloris
Fairly common in all areas.

132 Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis
Recorded on just three dates, the 20th , 23rd & 24th . Not seen in Šumava.

133 Linnet Carduelis cannabina
As with the above, this species was recorded on just three dates, the 20th , 23rd &24th . Not seen in Šumava.

134 Common Redpoll (Mealy) Carduelis flammea
A single was noted early morning on the 20th in the Vltava River valley close to the Hotel Arnika in Šumava.

135 Crossbill Loxia curvirostra
Noted just twice, with a record of two in flight over the Hotel Arnika on the 20th and a record of three in treetops along the river in Trebon.

136 Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes
One in the castle gardens at Ceský Krumlov was the only bird seen, with another heard on the 24th .

137 Yellowhammer Emberiza citrinella
Recorded on three dates, the 21st , 22nd & 24th , not seen in Šumava.

138 Reed Bunting Emberiza schoeniclus
Small numbers were seen in South Bohemia on the 21st & 22nd .

 

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